Research Highlights

Reducing Disparities in Behavioral Health Treatment for Children in Primary Care

The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) is funding a 4-year comparative effectiveness study, “Reducing Disparities in Behavioral Health Treatment for Children in Primary Care”. Principal investigators for the study are Thomas Power, PhD and Jennifer Mautone, PhD. The project focuses on children with ADHD between 5 and 11 years and families of low-income, racial/ethnic minority background, who often have difficulty getting access to behavior therapy. The intervention strategy, which focuses on connecting families, schools, and the primary care system, will be delivered by Healthy Minds, Healthy Kids providers in the participating primary care practices. The study addresses the question: “Does it make sense to integrate behavior therapy into primary care practice to treat children with ADHD from low-income settings?” This study will compare behavior therapy integrated into primary care to treatment as usual (TAU) informed by American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) guidelines for the treatment of ADHD. The project is designed to improve family use of services for ADHD, reduce children’s symptoms of ADHD, and improve children’s academic achievement, behavioral compliance, interpersonal relationships, and life satisfaction.